Too you wait for a holiday to hold it at the sea? Kind of we liked to lap carelessly in his waves, you shouldn't forget that the danger can disappear in them. Namely jellyfishes — often nice, but mercilessly stinging. And let they almost entirely consist of water, strekatelny cells of many of them contain poison which is injected into the victim quicker, than the bullet flies. So it is a high time to learn what jellyfishes you shouldn't approach even for the sake of the beautiful picture and what to do if you were stung after all.
We have chosen 10 dangerous jellyfishes whose poison is capable to provoke serious allergic reaction and can be even hazardous to health also of life. We hope, you shouldn't face one of these jellyfishes. But the care won't damage.
© Avispa marina/Guido Gautsch/Wikimedia
This jellyfish is quicker than the relatives and is more dangerous: while ordinary jellyfishes react to light and go down stream, this uses sight and itself solves where to float. Her feelers can reach 1,5 m in length, and there will be enough reserve of poison of one sea wasp to kill 50 people.
Where meets: tropical seas of Australia and Oceania.
Usually the individual has 30 cm a diameter, and her 24 feelers can be up to 2 m long. The sting of a sea nettle extremely painful, after it remains the aching rash, but at least these jellyfishes of life don't threaten.
Where meets: coasts of North America, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
The jellyfish has only 15-20 mm a diameter, and here her feelers can be and 35 cm long. Don't give her to the sizes and prettiness to deceive you: this is one of the most dangerous and poisonous jellyfishes in the world, consequences of her sting have even received the special name — an irukandzha syndrome. The small amount of poison is enough to cause severe pains in different parts of a body, vomiting, spasms, skin burning, tachycardia, elevated pressure and an acute heart failure.
Where meets: coast of Australia and Oceania.
© Derek Keats/Wikimedia
Real giant jellyfish: diameter of a dome can reach 2,5 m, and a feeler — 30 m in length. For beauty she wasn't for nothing nicknamed a lion's mane, but a sting of these individuals very painful, and toxins in poison can cause an allergy in the person or kill a small animal.
Where meets: in all North Sea of the Atlantic and Quiet oceans.
Острова © в Sea/NOAA/OER/Wikimedia
The Portuguese ship, it the fizaliya, is even not a jellyfish, and the whole colony of polipoidny and meduzoidny individuals. Under a small beautiful bubble very long "feelers" disappear — actually it is the polyps covered with strekatelny cages with deadly poison. Their length can reach 10 m of Fizaliya move groups up to 100 colonies, and sometimes in resorts because of them it is necessary to close the whole beaches.
Where meets: the tropical seas, but often appears in the seas of a moderate belt.
The spherical dome of this jellyfish something reminds a gun kernel. In some countries, for example China, kornerota are considered even as edible (after the corresponding processing, of course). However it is necessary to remember that poison of this jellyfish contains toxins which can cause in people of heart trouble.
Where meets: average and western part of the Atlantic Ocean, east central and northwest parts of the Pacific Ocean, Mediterranean, Azov, Black and Red seas.
The bell of this little jellyfish reaches only 80 mm, and on a little body the red-brown cross is visible. She has many feelers which are capable to stretch strongly. Krestovichki is very painfully stung, but, fortunately, their stings aren't deadly.
Where meets: coastal waters of China and California.
The largest individuals of this jellyfish meet in the Pacific Ocean and reach 30 cm in length. The Hawaiian individuals it is less — to 15 cm in length. These jellyfishes cause a deadly syndrome of an irukandzha too, and the transparent dome makes them even more imperceptible in water.
Where meets: between Silent, Atlantic and, perhaps, the Indian Ocean and also on the coast of Pakistan.
© Janne Hellsten/Wikimedia
This is one of the biggest jellyfishes in the world: its diameter reaches 2 m, and she can weigh about 200 kg. Nomura are dangerous not only the fact that are poisonous, they also damage the fishing equipment. The case when because of them the fishery vessel has been sunk is known: jellyfishes have hammered networks, and the crew couldn't cope with them.
Where meets: Far East seas of China, Japan, Korea and Russia.
© Alberto Romeo/Wikimedia
The jellyfish can radiate light short flashes, and her color varies from pink and purple to golden. Often takes out them waves on beaches as they live at the coast. Though jellyfishes and small (6–12 cm in the diameter of a dome), they sting painfully, and their poison causes burning, inflammation, allergic rash and leaves blisters.
Where meets: Mediterranean and Red seas, Atlantic and Quiet oceans.
It is necessary to call at once the ambulance in the following cases:
© Depositphotos © Pixabay
All these ways are inefficient and, moreover, can worsen a condition of the victim.
Now you know what jellyfishes should be avoided and how to help in case of a sting. And what precautionary measures are observed by you, gathering on the sea?
Photo on the preview of Pixabay, Rachid H/Flickr