In the same time in Russia have thought up the letter "yo", England has discovered the seventh planet of Solar system, and in the USA "Afro-Americans" have appeared.
The balloon for the first flight was designed by Mongolfye's brothers
On November 15, 1783 the scientist Jean-François Pilatr de Rozie became the first person who has risen into the sky in the balloon — then on a safety cable. On November 21 the same year Pilatr de Rozie and the marquis Francois Laurent D'Arland have made the first free flight on a balloon.
In 1782 the king Rama I has transferred the main residence from the west bank of the river Chaupkhraya on east where there was a settlement of Bangkok. Still Bangkok remains the capital, and on a throne there is a dynasty based by Rama I.
London, Great Britain
The nobleman Jerome von Muenchgausen has become famous for the baizes. Anonymous authors began to publish these tales. And at the end of 1785 the German scientist and the adventurer Erich Raspe has published the book about adventures of the baron which at once has become popular.
Such nickname was got still during lifetime by Simon Bolivar — the statesman who has headed fight of the South American colonies of Spain for independence. Thanks to him future Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador were freed from the power of the mother country. In honor of Bolivar not only the country, but also several cities, the passage and the mountain, currency and the state in Venezuela and also a hat style is called.
Schweppes — the first-ever brand of carbonated drink. The jeweler Jacob Schweppe in 1783 has improved installation for production of sparkling drink in large numbers and has begun to trade in him, having registered the Schweppes company for this purpose.
St. Petersburg, Russia
The princess Ekaterina Dashkova — the empress's girlfriend, the educator, the director of the St. Petersburg academy of Sciences has suggested to enter her into the Russian alphabet in 1783. Still there are discussions about need of the use of this letter for the press.
Bath, Great Britain
It was made in 1781 by the musician and the astronomer self-educated person William Gershel. Have named the seventh planet from the Sun the Greek god of the sky and when eight years later the scientist Martin Klaprot has discovered chemical element uranium, I called him already in honor of the new planet. Uranium by 14,5 times massivny Earth.
According to the thinker, he considered "Criticism of pure mind" for years, and has written in four-five months. The book has been published in the 1781st. From this treatise as it is considered, the German classical philosophy begins.
The first known case of a mention of this politically correct term — in the text of a sermon printed in 1782. Her author whose name is unknown is specified as "Afro-American".
Photo: DIOMEDIA (X3), GETTY IMAGES, ALAMY (X2)/LEGION-MEDIA, ALEXANDER of ROShchIN / INTERPRESS / ITAR-TASS