It is normal that children from 5 to 10 times per year suffer from colds. And parents are so accustomed to this disease that may not even notice how it turned into something more serious. And sometimes the disease and is not related to the cold. How to recognize the child's dangerous illness, what is cough and symptoms to pay attention to and what are the risks of neglected diseases — more on that in our article.
advised to consult a qualified physician for any troubles you signs. It is better to be suspicious than to harm the health of children.
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At an early stage of whooping cough is difficult to distinguish from a cold. Can be a bit of a cough and fever. Especially dangerous is the disease for babies. They have a cough may not be at all or it is small, however, there is a symptom known as apnea — stop breathing during sleep.
In the first 2 weeks signs of whooping cough are not expressed.
After 1-2 weeks (neonates disease can develop much faster) the cough is barking, paroxysmal. Sometimes vomiting occurs. In between debilitating coughing (which usually disturbs children of the night) the baby can feel quite well. Seizures can occur after recovery, for more than 10 weeks. No wonder in China, pertussis is called the 100-day illness.
Whooping cough is very contagious. It is passed from person to person through coughing or sneezing, and by contact with surfaces that caught the pertussis Bacillus. Teenagers and children who are vaccinated against whooping cough, much easier to tolerate the disease.
Hallmark: barking, paroxysmal cough, during which the child can't breathe.
What is dangerous: broken breath. Babies have a risk of pneumonia, occurrence of seizures or fits. They should be treated only in the hospital.
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Tonsils are the two lymph nodes in the throat. They prevent the infection of our body. However, they are tonsils themselves can get infected — this inflammation is called tonsillitis (in everyday speech referred to as angina). Tonsillitis can be viral or bacterial nature. The bacterial form of this disease is treated only with antibiotics.
Tonsillitis manifests itself:
Sometimes may increase the sensitivity of the jaw or neck.
Distinguishing features: the tonsils are red, swollen and may have yellow or white spots.
What is dangerous: untreated tonsillitis can lead to spread of infection to other organs. Swollen tonsils may cause breathing disorders.
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Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection called Streptococcus. The bacteria produce toxins that can cause red rash on the body. Disease accompanied by a rash, is considered lightweight and usually occurs in children aged 5-15 years.
Infection occurs through airborne droplets and through household items.
Scarlet fever is characterized by the following features:
Can also be headache, body pain, discomfort in the abdomen. It is not excluded vomiting and nausea. With the development of the disease in the language of manifest roughness, it hurts to swallow. The rash disappears after a week and starts peeling skin on the fingers and in the groin area.
Sometimes scarlet fever can be confused with an allergic rash type hives. But if you have a fever and sore throat, be sure to contact your doctor if this disease requires antibiotics.
Distinguishing features: reddish rash on the body, red or crimson throat and tongue.
What is dangerous: usually the long-term complications do not arise. But if I delay the treatment, can be connected otitis media, skin infections and other diseases.
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Laryngitis is an inflammation of the vocal cords. It is caused by a virus or strain on the vocal apparatus. The disease manifests itself hoarse, barking cough, chills, fever. Many adults live for years with chronic laryngitis, but in children this disease can lead to life-threatening condition known as false croup. This disease, unlike laryngitis, caused by infection, usually parainfluenza virus. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and through household items.
False croup is usually preceded by a sharp cough, runny nose, fever. The baby at night may disturb rales in the lungs.
False croup is treated easily enough, but is a danger to babies and young children. Some may require hospitalization.
Dangerous symptoms indicating a bacterial infection, are considered to be:
If the child is hard to breathe, call an ambulance and widely open the Windows in order to ensure the access of air. To provide temporary assistance can inhalation with normal saline.
The distinctive features of croup: harsh cough, hoarseness, breathing problems.
What is dangerous: there is a (very low) risk of death. As a rule, the older the child, the safer for him croup, as the larynx becomes wider.
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Acute bronchitis often occurs after a cold. He usually has a viral nature. Sometimes bronchitis is caused by dust, allergens, secondhand smoke, toxic vapors or bacteria.
The symptoms of bronchitis resemble a cold:
At an early stage the cough is usually dry, then begins to move away mucus. In some cases there may be shortness of breath. In this case, the bronchitis may be confused with asthma attack.
The illness usually goes away after 1-2 weeks but the cough may persist longer.
Distinctive signs: rales in the lungs, erratic breathing. Diagnosed the doctor on the basis of medical history, tests, and chest radiography.
What is dangerous: it can develop into pneumonia.
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Cough, nasal congestion and runny nose can be symptoms of Allergy. Reaction to pollen or animal dander usually develops within a few minutes, but it happens that the Allergy is manifested only after several hours.
To distinguish this illness from colds by the color of nasal discharge: yellow or green are usually in infectious disease. It's also worth remembering that no contact is the child with sick people.
If you think you have a son or daughter allergies, make an appointment with the doctor. You may have to do skin tests and to take antihistamines.
Distinctive signs: cough or rhinitis occurs soon after contact with the allergen. No fever, chills or, on the contrary, the heat.
What is dangerous: allergic rhinitis and obstructive bronchitis can develop into asthma.
And finally, a word of advice: if you notice unusual cough, shortness of breath, or a weird rash, don't experiment with traditional medicine or use the medicine for adults. It is unknown how they will affect your baby. Wait for prescriptions. And the best addition to it — your love: when its enough, child, and recovering faster, and boldly looks to the future.
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